•Estimated that over 100 million urinary catheters are sold annually
•Many are used to treat long-term conditions, including incontinence.
•Catheterisation has been linked with a threefold increase in mortality in hospital patients and nursing home patients.
•CAUTI significant burden to the NHS: Most common HAI, and costs ~£123 million p.a. For community care cost estimated at ~£10,000 per patient p.a.
Catheter blockage can lead directly to nephritis, kidney failure sepsis and death
A simple, cheap diagnostic lozenge which is inserted directly into the urine drainage bag.
Right: infected (12-16 h to blockage)